In 1683 the Ottoman Empire advanced through Europe. In this advance he subjected the city of Vienna to a siege, although this was not the first time they besieged it, the previous attempts that ended in failure had been in 1529 and 1532.

croissant midnight vienna turkish
Battle of Vienna, by Joseph von Brandt, Polish Army Museum

The Vienna site

The Ottomans to take the city, they began to dig tunnels under the walls in order to access the interior and surprise their defenders, according to the plan overnight.

But to the Turks they missed a detail, and it was that although most of the city slept – except, of course, of the soldiers of the guard on the walls – there were also very laborious workers who exercised their activity at night: the Bakers.

croissant half moon vienna leopold
Leopold I of Habsburg, by Benjamin von Block, Kunsthistorisches Museum

When they found their homework, they realized that something strange was happening under their feet, discovering the Turkish offensive by the noises. They gave the alarm to the guard, who managed reject the attack successfully. Then the troops of Emperor Leopold I, under the command of the King of Poland, they finished expelling Muslims from the country.

Thanks to the bakers and these to the emperor

People say that the emperor decided to decorate the Viennese bakers and the guild, as thanks, devised two types of breads: one they called "the emperor" and another Halbmond, in German: "half moon", ancestor of the current croissant, as I remember and mock the crescent of the Ottoman flag that could now be eaten, as on the battlefields.

croissant half moon vienna turkey
Turkish flag (Pixabay)

The entrepreneur August Zang

History or legend, is the most widespread story about the origin of the French-name muffin, whose etymological origin also seems to have a curious relationship with the Viennese, as it would be an Austrian military, August Zang, converted to a baker, who around 1838 opened a bakery in Paris where he offered the specialty of his city: the croissant.

Although surely many know other stories, its origin is one of the great food legends of all time.

croissant crescent august zang
August Zang (Shortcutfoo)

Sources:

Fletcher Pratt: The battles that changed History

Rubén Sáez Abad: The site of Vienna

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