The Neolithic happened approximately in the period of our history between the year 10,000 and 3,000 years ago. It was the beginning of the end of the Stone Age and the beginning of organized agriculture and settlement. Stone tools were the norm, but they began to be more sophisticated, specialized, and often polished to a fine finish.
The rocks with a high percentage of silicon dioxide were the most suitable for the tools, since a strong blow causes the pieces to “burst”, leaving sharp edges. Before the Neolithic, humans used “hand axes”, tools for chopping, scraping and cutting roughly cut, with a stone grip the size of a hand, which narrowed until it reached a sharp point.
The main work tools they used in the Neolithic
By the time the Neolithic arrived, the hand axes had fallen out of favor, as they were more difficult and less specialized than the new tools that humans developed. In spite of everything, scientists believe that the creation of all these tools is a sign of primitive human ingenuity.
Scrapers are one of the original stone tools, found everywhere where people settled, long before the Neolithic began. Scrapers were used both to kill animals and to extract meat from skins. The skins could then heal like leather. A scraper is a flat piece of stone with a slightly longer curved edge. The edge was sharp hitting the scales with another rock.
While a scraper can be used to cut an animal, a longer and thinner blade can be inserted deeper into a corpse, or run along a bone, and works best for the fruits and vegetables of an established agricultural life. Blades are harder to make than scrapers; when you reach a thin piece of rock, it is easy to split the piece in two.
Arrows and Spearheads
Arrows and spearheads have a more sophisticated shape than simple scrapers and blades. Not only is the tip more delicate, but to shape the end of the head so that it slides into the shaft, and also provide bumps that can be used to tie the point in place, a great degree of precision and watch out.
The polished stone ax is considered one of the most important developments of the Neolithic. Axes are effective weapons, and it is believed that many Neolithic axes were designed to be used against enemies and not on trees. The need for self-protection led to a more centralized village life within settlements with high walls.
Hammers and Chisels
The chisels were made by joining a sharp piece of stone to the end of a sturdy stick. The hammers were made by rounding a rock and drilling a hole through it or creating a notch around the outside that could be used to secure the head to a handle with a rope or tendon. The hammers were mainly used with chisels in the carpentry. The difference between a hammer and a war stick was only in use.