The first roman amphitheaters they were built in the first century before Christ from wood and were designed by rotation and the union of two theaters built back to back to form an oval (amphitheater, in fact, means "double theater").
Located in every corner of the Roman Empire, more than 230 amphitheaters have been found, from Coliseum, mighty in Rome to the ruins of the Chester arena, England. Fighting between criminals, prisoners or war, slaves and animals is a testament to the character and life of the Romans who considered these fights good training for a nation of warriors. From time to time, free citizens entered the fight to enjoy their 15 minutes of fame.
The Colosseum in Rome is the largest and most famous Roman amphitheater in the world. TravelRoma.com Its construction was initiated by Emperor Vespasian of the Flavia dynasty, in 72 AD and was completed by his son Titus in 80 AD. During the opening ceremony of the Colosseum, shows were held for 100 days in which 5,000 of the animals and 2,000 gladiators died. The Roman Colosseum was able to house some 50,000 spectators who could enter the building through no less than 80 entrances. The spectators were protected from the rain and the heat of the sun by candles called the "velarium", which is attached at the top of the attic. The Colosseum is a must see on any trip to Rome.
Uthina (or Oudna) was a Roman colony in Tunisia. It was on the main route to Carthage from the south and west of the country. The city seems to have fallen into ruin after the Arab conquest in the seventh century. Even being excavated, the ruins are little visited.
The archaeological park includes a Roman amphitheater It could host about 16,000 visitors. The lower half of the amphitheater is excavated on the hill while the arches are above the ground. The seats are not original and were only recently rebuilt.
Roman Amphitheater of Pozzuoli
The Pozzuoli Amphitheater is one of the biggest roman amphitheaters in Italy able to host more than 20,000 spectators. His construction It began under the reign of Emperor Vespasian, which also began the construction of Rome Coliseum.
Unlike the Colosseum, not much of the upper ranges of the seats remain, but the underground areas are very well preserved, including cages for animal husbandry and parts of the mechanisms for lifting the sand floor. In the last period of antiquities the sand was abandoned and partly buried under the ashes after an eruption of the Solfatarain volcano.
Leptis Magna Arena
Located in present-day Libya, Leptis Magna was founded by the Phoenicians in the 10th century BC and became part of the Roman Empire after the defeat of Carthage in 146 BC. Under the Roman rule of the city it prospered and became an important trading post.
Leptis Magna was abandoned in 523 AD, after he was fired by a Berber tribe and quickly recovered by the desert. After being covered in the desert sand for centuries it contains one of the most spectacular and virgin Roman ruins in the Mediterranean.
The Roman amphitheater of Leptis Magna dates from 56 AD and is located one kilometer east of the city center. It was able to seat 16,000 spectators. Unlike most Roman amphitheaters, it is built below ground.
Roman Arena in Arles
The Roman amphitheater is the most popular tourist attraction in the city of Arles, In the south of france. It was built around the first century before Christ and was able to be more than 20,000 spectators on three levels.
From 1830 until today the arena has been used for bullfighting hosting, which the Romans would have certainly approved, since it is only a little less brutal as the car races and bloody hand-to-hand battles they They enjoyed themselves.
Roman Amphitheater of Nimes
Built at the end of the first century AD to seat 24,000 spectators, the Arena of Nimes was one of the Major Roman amphitheaters in Gaul (present-day France). During the Middle Ages, a fortified palace was built in the amphitheater.
Later, a small neighborhood developed within its confines, with 700 inhabitants and two chapels. In 1863 the stadium was remodeled to serve as a bullring and today hosts two annual bullfights, as well as other public events.
The Spectacular Amphitheater of Pompeii
On August 24, 79, Vesuvius volcano erupted, covering the nearby city of Pompeii with ash, and the preservation of the city, later, in its state of that fateful day.
Some of Pompeii's best preserved structures are the 2 theaters and the Roman amphitheater. Built around 70 BC that is the oldest surviving Roman amphitheaters in the world.
The amphitheater was called a spectacula as the term Amphitheatrum It was not yet in use. It could hold about 20,000 spectators, which is equivalent to the entire population of Pompeii. In 59 AD a violent revolt broke out between Pompeii fans and a rival city, which led the Senate to ban any more games there for ten years.
The sand of Pula Croatia
The amphitheater of Pula is the sixth largest and one of the best preserved ancient monuments in Croatia. The Pula Stadium was built around the first century AD and could house more than 26,000 spectators.
In the 15th century many stones were taken from the Roman amphitheater to build houses and other structures around Pula, but fortunately this practice was interrupted before the entire structure was destroyed. Today it is used to host a variety of festivals and performances during the summer months.
The Arena of Verona in Italy is the third largest amphitheater in the world which has survived since Roman antiquity. It is the outer ring of white and pink limestone was almost completely destroyed during an earthquake in 1117, but the inner part is still incredibly well preserved.
The Verona Arena was built in 30 AD and could hold 30,000 spectators. The Roman amphitheater has been used continuously throughout the centuries to host shows and games: gladiator fights in the Roman era, fair and tournaments in the Middle Ages and from the 18th century to the present day the arena is the scene of spectacular opera performances of Verona.
Roman Amphitheater of El Djem
The Roman amphitheater of El Djem in Tunisia is the third largest stadium in the world, after the Colosseum in Rome Italy and the ruined theater of Capua. The Djem was formerly the Roman city of Thysdrus, one of the most important cities in North Africa after Carthage.
The amphitheater was built in the early third century AD capable of seating 35,000 spectators. The structure remained in good condition until the 17th century, when sand stones were used for the construction of the nearby village of El Djem and transported to the Great Mosque of Kairouan.
More recently and less destructive it was used for the filming of some of the scenes of the Oscar-winning Oscar-winning film. It is now a popular tourist destination in Tunisia.