Primary Care pediatricians remember that 8 out of 10 child drownings in Spain occur in private pools and ask for extreme precautions.

"80% of children's drownings in our country occur in private pools or single-family homes." This is explained by Dr. María Jesús Esparza, spokesperson for the Spanish Association of Primary Care Pediatrics (AEPap). In Spain, private pools are not yet subject to mandatory standards. As for the community, the rules vary depending on the Autonomous Communities and municipalities. Therefore, from the AEPap, on the occasion of the arrival of summer and school holidays, it is recommended to take precautions in these spaces and, in general, in all water and outdoor activities.

"The risk is greater in times of confusion," says Dr. Esparza. "For example, when arriving at a hotel with a swimming pool, on birthdays that are celebrated around a swimming pool … In these situations, it may be a good idea to take turns among adults to watch children," he proposes.

Recommendations to avoid drowning in minors They go through never leaving them unattended. Although it is positive that they learn to swim soon, it is necessary to watch even when children know how to swim, because “unforeseen problems may arise while they are in the water,” says Dr. Esparza. One of the main recommendations of Primary Care pediatricians is not to leave young children in the care of older children, because "they can lose sight of and lose sight of the little one," he says. As for the beach, the advice of AEPap is “to follow the instructions of the guards and not to bathe when they tell us that the sea conditions do not allow it”.

The AEPap questions, however, other traditional recommendations, such as those related to the so-called "digestion cut". Dr. Esparza comments that this term “is very confusing, since in reality it is a‘ hydrocution ’, a temperature shock between the body (hot) and the water (cold)”. If this shock occurs it can slow down reflectively the heart rate and there may be loss of consciousness and even cardiac arrest and, therefore, drowning. "This has nothing to do with digestion, but after very copious meals, it is more likely to occur," explains Dr. Esparza. However, “it is rare for a child to make copious meals in summer, so the prohibition of bathing in the two or three hours after eating does not make sense. Above all, if the water is not especially cold. It could be worse, if in that wait the child is playing in the sun and then throws himself into the water. ”

The aquatic environment is only one of the aspects related to
the summer in which you have to take precautions, according to AEPap.
Primary Care pediatricians also remember the need to employ
sun protection in all outdoor activities, as well as preventing
heatstroke. To prevent children from suffering it is necessary to “let
Drink water frequently and avoid physical exercise in extreme conditions
of heat, ”explains Dr. Esparza.

Another risk of outdoor activities is bites
of insects, arachnids or marine animals. In the first case, you can
prevent “applying repellents on the skin or clothing. The ones are preferable
natural to those containing diethyltoluamide ”, explain the pediatricians of
Primary Care on its website Family and
Health
. As for children sensitized to wasp stings and
Bees, should take extra precautions, such as not walking barefoot,
avoid brightly colored or very bright clothes and intense odors,
Like the colonies

Regarding marine animals, such as jellyfish, it
recommends “wash the wound, without rubbing, with salt water or physiological serum and
remove remains ”. If the reaction is large, it is recommended to apply a cream of
corticosteroids

SOURCE: Spanish Association of Primary Care Pediatrics.

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